What is Transit Oriented Development (TOD)?
Transit oriented development (TOD) is well designed, mixed-use, higher density development adjacent to frequent transit. It helps communities and transit agencies increase sustainable transit ridership, revitalize communities, enhance regional quality of life, and strengthen economic competitiveness. By focusing housing and jobs near transit, communities can accommodate new growth while minimizing associated congestion and environmental impacts.
BART’s Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Program is guided by four Board-adopted policy documents. To understand BART’s vision and accomplishments in greater detail, please read the following:
BART TOD News
December 2017: BART is beginning a solicitation process for transit-oriented development (TOD) at the Lake Merritt BART station. The solicitation is scheduled to be released in early 2018. Prior to solicitation, BART will be brainstorming and refining a list of goals and objectives with stakeholders. For more information on the project status, please visit the Lake Merritt TOD page.
October 2017: The BART Board has approved modifications to agreements needed to build Casa Arabella, the beginning of the second phase of Fruitvale Transit Village. The City of Oakland, Unity Council, and EBALDC are partnering to deliver 94 units, 92 of which are affordable. 20 units will be reserved for homeless veterans.
The BART Board approved a lease of the 9,000 square foot retail space in the Richmond BART Parking Garage. The space will accommodate the Richmond Business Hub, a shared workspace that may serve food and beverages. The new retail tenant will help enliven a critical stretch of Macdonald Avenue in Downtown Richmond.
September 2017: The Walnut Creek Transit Village has begun construction. The first phase will be modifications to BART parking. Please visit https://www.wcbartparking.com/ for more information.
The Coliseum Transit Village has begun construction. This development will create 110 units of mixed-income housing in the Coliseum neighborhood.
August 2017: San Leandro Senior Apartments are under construction! BART Patron Parking is now available underneath the TOD. The cost for the monthly permit will be $110 to start, which is $5 above the monthly reserved cost in the BART parking lot. The price will be set based on BART parking policy, and will remain $5 above the BART monthly price for the surface lot. You may sign up now for a monthly permit with Douglas Parking by calling 510-444-7412 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org. Please tell them that you are contacting them about the Marea Alta Garage or San Leandro BART parking. This parking structure is managed by Douglas Parking, not BART, and all rules and regulations are enforced by Douglas Parking. The permit you purchase for this lot will not transfer to BART parking.
TOD Program Highlights
BART has six TOD goals, with which we measure and evaluate our progress. These six goals include:
Complete Communities: BART works in close collaboration with city and community partners to deliver meaningful TOD projects. Early collaborative projects such as the Hayward City Center have established not only a mix of uses supporting livability, but also offer public improvements such as paseos, and increased green space designed to improve the sense of place.
Sustainable Communities Strategy: The typical household living within a half mile of a BART station drives 20-30% fewer miles a year than average. By focusing housing and jobs next to BART, we can reduce congestion and greenhouse gas outputs from households.
Increased ridership: Every BART project results in a net gain of riders, to help BART create a more sustainable budget. As of 2017, completed and under construction projects will result in an estimated 4,600 additional BART rides a day or 1 million rides a year, providing an additional $3.9 million in farebox revenue to BART’s operating fund. BART is also working on increasing reverse commute trips. For example, the Contra Costa Centre Transit Village Transportation Demand Management Program supports rides where BART has capacity, shifting 30% of commutes away from driving alone.
Value Creation and Capture: BART increases property values for homes located as far as 5 miles from a station. Studies show that within ½ mile of BART, residential properties command a value premium of 15 to 18%, attributed to BART proximity. In aggregate, BART contributes an estimated $17.3 billion in added property value to single family and condominium properties in Alameda, Contra Costa, and San Mateo Counties, and increases rents for offices within 1/4 mile. BART has an economic impact in Downtown San Francisco as well. The challenge is ensuring this value is leveraged to support BART service and the other needs of the surrounding community. For this reason, the TOD Program negotiates ongoing ground lease revenue as well as long-term transit benefit fees from its developments. Renegotiation captures value over time, which is returned to BART where it is used to maintain and improve service. Additionally, BART’s TOD Program has leveraged over $275 million in investments in public infrastructure such as police facilities, station improvements, and parking garages.
Transportation Choice: Residents within ½ mile of a BART station use transportation differently than the typical Bay Area resident: more than half of these residents own one car or none at all, and almost half the commuters tend to walk, bike or take transit to work. This compares with less than a quarter of typical commuters in the total BART service area. BART’s TOD program will develop projects designed and managed to encourage residents and workers to drive less.
Source: American Community Survey, 2010-2014, Nelson|Nygaard
- Affordability: BART will play a lead role in alleviating the Bay Area’s housing affordability crisis, aiming to produce 7,000 affordable housing units on BART property by 2040. At least 20% of units at any given station must be affordable, with a priority to low and very low income households. BART’s policy aims for 35% of its portfolio to be affordable. As households near BART stations benefit from 24% lower overall transportation costs, locating affordable housing near transit is critical to offering lower income households truly affordable living, as well as greater access to jobs and services. However, BART will need an additional $36.5 million annually beyond existing funding sources to meet its goals.
BART’S TOD PORTFOLIO OVERVIEW
BART has 13 completed and under construction projects, and 7 approved projects in the pipeline. More on these individual projects can be found at the “Completed TOD Projects” and “Upcoming TOD Projects” pages. Below is a summary of development to date within BART’s TOD Portfolio.
Additionally BART owns an estimated 250 acres at 27 stations that could accommodate future development. The TOD Program regularly evaluates this portfolio of land to ensure market, political, financial and other conditions align prior to soliciting TOD. Most critically, the policy requires cities to adopt transit-supportive land use plans prior to solicitation.
SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT WITHIN BART’S TOD PORTFOLIO AS OF OCTOBER 2017
List is subject to change, as development plans are extremely dynamic.
BART TOD Program Staff
Sean Brooks, Department Manager
Kimberly Koempel, Principal Planner
Yvette McCoy, Principal Property Development Officer
Bruno Peguese, Principal Property Development Officer
John Rennels, Project Manager
Susan Shaffer, Principal Right-of-Way Officer
Abigail Thorne-Lyman, TOD Program Manager
Paul Voix, Principal Property Development Officer