Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

BART TOD & Real Estate News* (Updated October 2019)

Update to BART's TOD Policy: on August 22, the BART Board voted to amend its transit-oriented development policy to include provisions on how BART handles unsolicited proposals for development of BART-owned property. New materials are available below.

El Cerrito Plaza: BART hosted an open house at Hana Gardens Senior Center on Thursday, October 3, 2019, to seek feedback on the goals and objectives for TOD at this site. For more information, visit the El Cerrito Plaza TOD website.

AB 2923:  Visit the AB 2923 website for further information on BART's implementation process.

North Concord: The BART Board authorized staff to negotiate an Exclusive Negotiating Agreement with Brookfield Residential for development of the BART-owned property. Visit the North Concord TOD Project page for more information.

BART Headquarters: Following a February 2019 issuance of a Request for Proposals, the BART Board directed staff to negotiate for the acquisition of 2150 Webster St in Oakland as BART's headquarters building.

North Berkeley: The Berkeley City Council hosted a special meeting on May 9, 2019 to discuss the potential for future zoning and development of the BART-owned property at the North Berkeley station. Note that this was a City-hosted event and not a BART-sponsored event. Visit Mayor Jesse Arreguin’s website for more information.

*To get the latest information on BART's TOD Program, including notice of Requests for Proposals for Development, sign up for email updates by subscribing to BART's alerts and selecting "Transit-Oriented Development Projects."


What is Transit Oriented Development (TOD)?

Transit oriented development (TOD) is well designed, mixed-use, higher density development adjacent to frequent transit. It helps communities and transit agencies increase sustainable transit ridership, revitalize communities, enhance regional quality of life, and strengthen economic competitiveness. By focusing housing and jobs near transit, communities can accommodate new growth while minimizing associated congestion and environmental impacts.


BART's Program

BART’s Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Program is guided by four Board-adopted policy documents. To understand BART’s vision and accomplishments in greater detail, please read the following:


TOD Program Highlights

BART has six TOD goals, with which we measure and evaluate our progress. These six goals include:

  • Complete Communities: BART works in close collaboration with city and community partners to deliver meaningful TOD projects.  Early collaborative projects such as the Hayward City Center have established not only a mix of uses supporting livability, but also offer public improvements such as paseos, and increased green space designed to improve the sense of place.

  • Sustainable Communities Strategy: The typical household living within a half mile of a BART station drives 20-30% fewer miles a year than average.  By focusing housing and jobs next to BART, we can reduce congestion and greenhouse gas outputs from households.

  • Increased ridership: Every BART project results in a net gain of riders, to help BART create a more sustainable budget. As of 2017, completed and under construction projects will result in an estimated 4,600 additional BART rides a day or 1 million rides a year, providing an additional $3.9 million in farebox revenue to BART’s operating fund. BART is also working on increasing reverse commute trips. For example, the Contra Costa Centre Transit Village Transportation Demand Management Program supports rides where BART has capacity, shifting 30% of commutes away from driving alone.

  • Value Creation and Capture: BART increases property values for homes located as far as 5 miles from a station.  Studies show that within ½ mile of BART, residential properties command a value premium of 15 to 18%, attributed to BART proximity. In aggregate, BART contributes an estimated $17.3 billion in added property value to single family and condominium properties in Alameda, Contra Costa, and San Mateo Counties, and increases rents for offices within 1/4 mile. BART has an economic impact in Downtown San Francisco as well. The challenge is ensuring this value is leveraged to support BART service and the other needs of the surrounding community. For this reason, the TOD Program negotiates ongoing ground lease revenue as well as long-term transit benefit fees from its developments. Renegotiation captures value over time, which is returned to BART where it is used to maintain and improve service. Additionally, BART’s TOD Program has leveraged over $275 million in investments in public infrastructure such as police facilities, station improvements, and parking garages.

  • Transportation Choice: Residents within ½ mile of a BART station use transportation differently than the typical Bay Area resident: more than half of these residents own one car or none at all, and almost half the commuters tend to walk, bike or take transit to work. This compares with less than a quarter of typical commuters in the total BART service area. BART’s TOD program will develop projects designed and managed to encourage residents and workers to drive less.

Households with 0 or 1 Vehicle
Share of Workers Walking, Biking, Taking Transit
Source: American Community Survey, 2010-2014, Nelson|Nygaard

  • Affordability: BART will play a lead role in alleviating the Bay Area’s housing affordability crisis, aiming to produce 7,000 affordable housing units on BART property by 2040.  At least 20% of units at any given station must be affordable, with a priority to low and very low income households. BART’s policy aims for 35% of its portfolio to be affordable.  As households near BART stations benefit from 24% lower overall transportation costs, locating affordable housing near transit is critical to offering lower income households truly affordable living, as well as greater access to jobs and services.  However, BART will need an additional $36.5 million annually beyond existing funding sources to meet its goals.

BART’S TOD PORTFOLIO OVERVIEW

BART has 13 completed projects, 4 under construction projects, and 7 approved projects in the pipeline.  More on these individual projects can be found at the “Completed TOD Projects” and “Upcoming TOD Projects” pages.  Below is a summary of development to date within BART’s TOD Portfolio.

Additionally BART owns an estimated 250 acres at 27 stations that could accommodate future development.  The TOD Program regularly evaluates this portfolio of land to ensure market, political, financial and other conditions align prior to soliciting TOD. Most critically, the policy requires cities to adopt transit-supportive land use plans prior to solicitation.

SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT WITHIN BART’S TOD PORTFOLIO AS OF JULY 2019

BART transit-oriented development, count of housing units, affordable housing, commercial development

List is subject to change, as development plans are extremely dynamic.


BART TOD Program Staff

Joseph Basuino, Principal Right-of-Way Officer

Sean Brooks, Department Manager

Nicole Franklin, Principal Property Development Officer

Kimberly Koempel, Principal Planner

Yvette McCoy, Principal Property Development Officer

John Rennels, Project Manager

Abigail Thorne-Lyman, TOD Program Manager

Paul Voix, Principal Property Development Officer