Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
BART TOD & Real Estate News* (Updated August 31, 2020)
On August 27, 2020, the BART Board of Directors adopted BART's AB 2923 Development Principles. These principles supplement existing BART policies supporting transit-oriented development (which can be found below), and address gaps in the policies that emerged since AB 2923 was passed by the State of California in 2018. The final version will be posted following approval of minutes at the September Board meeting.
We are pleased to release public drafts of BART’s Transit-Oriented Development Work Plan (TOD Work Plan), including a technical appendix and the BART Transit-Oriented Development Transportation Demand Management Program. The TOD Work Plan establishes BART’s TOD Program priorities for the next 5-10 years. It also summarizes BART’s approach for prioritizing all of its developable property, including those parcels that are subject to AB 2923. A companion document to the AB 2923 Tech Guide, the TOD Work Plan provides local jurisdictions clarity around when development of BART’s AB2923-eligible TOD sites is anticipated to occur as they embark on rezoning efforts to conform with AB 2923. The TOD Transportation Management Program was developed in response to an AB 2923 requirement and is referenced in the AB2923 Development Principles included in the TOD Work Plan.
To learn more about the TOD Work Plan and opportunities to provide input on the document:
- BART Board Meeting: The public draft of the TOD Work Plan and the TOD Transportation Management Plan will be discussed at the BART Board meeting on August 27, 2020. Materials will be posted on the Board website on the afternoon of Friday August 21.
- Written Comments: Please submit your comments on the TOD Work Plan by email to Nicole Franklin, NFrankl@bart.gov. Comments are due by October 18, 2020.
El Cerrito Plaza Request for Qualifications: On July 21, BART released a Request for Qualifications (RFQ) for a developer to advance transit-oriented development on roughly 8 acres of BART-owned property at the El Cerrito Plaza Station. An addendum to the RFQ was issued on August 28. The RFQ, addendum and other relevant materials are available for download on the project website: https://www.bart.gov/about/business/tod/el-cerrito-plaza.
BART Board Approves West Oakland Transit-Oriented Development: On June 11, 2020, the BART Board of Directors approved the development of TOD at the West Oakland Station by Mandela Station Partners, LLC. The project includes 762 units of which 240 are affordable, 300,000 square feet of office space, and 52,625 square feet of retail space. This project is the culmination of over 6 years of work, and implements the City of Oakland's West Oakland Specific Plan.
Amendments to Transit-Oriented Development Policy: On April 23, the BART Board voted to modify the Transit-Oriented Development Policy to provide greater clarity about BART's ground lease expectations for affordable housing. Download the presentation, draft framework, and redline of the policy.
*To get the latest information on BART's TOD Program, including notice of Requests for Proposals for Development, sign up for email updates by subscribing to BART's alerts and selecting "Transit-Oriented Development Projects."
What is Transit Oriented Development (TOD)?
Transit oriented development (TOD) is well designed, mixed-use, higher density development adjacent to frequent transit. It helps communities and transit agencies increase sustainable transit ridership, revitalize communities, enhance regional quality of life, and strengthen economic competitiveness. By focusing housing and jobs near transit, communities can accommodate new growth while minimizing associated congestion and environmental impacts.
BART’s Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Program is guided by four Board-adopted policy documents. To understand BART’s vision and accomplishments in greater detail, please read the following:
TOD Program Highlights
BART has six TOD goals, with which we measure and evaluate our progress. These six goals include:
Complete Communities: BART works in close collaboration with city and community partners to deliver meaningful TOD projects. Early collaborative projects such as the Hayward City Center have established not only a mix of uses supporting livability, but also offer public improvements such as paseos, and increased green space designed to improve the sense of place.
Sustainable Communities Strategy: The typical household living within a half mile of a BART station drives 20-30% fewer miles a year than average. By focusing housing and jobs next to BART, we can reduce congestion and greenhouse gas outputs from households.
Increased ridership: Every BART project results in a net gain of riders, to help BART create a more sustainable budget. As of 2017, completed and under construction projects will result in an estimated 4,600 additional BART rides a day or 1 million rides a year, providing an additional $3.9 million in farebox revenue to BART’s operating fund. BART is also working on increasing reverse commute trips. For example, the Contra Costa Centre Transit Village Transportation Demand Management Program supports rides where BART has capacity, shifting 30% of commutes away from driving alone.
Value Creation and Capture: BART increases property values for homes located as far as 5 miles from a station. Studies show that within ½ mile of BART, residential properties command a value premium of 15 to 18%, attributed to BART proximity. In aggregate, BART contributes an estimated $17.3 billion in added property value to single family and condominium properties in Alameda, Contra Costa, and San Mateo Counties, and increases rents for offices within 1/4 mile. BART has an economic impact in Downtown San Francisco as well. The challenge is ensuring this value is leveraged to support BART service and the other needs of the surrounding community. For this reason, the TOD Program negotiates ongoing ground lease revenue as well as long-term transit benefit fees from its developments. Renegotiation captures value over time, which is returned to BART where it is used to maintain and improve service. Additionally, BART’s TOD Program has leveraged over $275 million in investments in public infrastructure such as police facilities, station improvements, and parking garages.
Transportation Choice: Residents within ½ mile of a BART station use transportation differently than the typical Bay Area resident: more than half of these residents own one car or none at all, and almost half the commuters tend to walk, bike or take transit to work. This compares with less than a quarter of typical commuters in the total BART service area. BART’s TOD program will develop projects designed and managed to encourage residents and workers to drive less.
Source: American Community Survey, 2010-2014, Nelson|Nygaard
- Affordability: BART will play a lead role in alleviating the Bay Area’s housing affordability crisis, aiming to produce 7,000 affordable housing units on BART property by 2040. At least 20% of units at any given station must be affordable, with a priority to low and very low income households. BART’s policy aims for 35% of its portfolio to be affordable. As households near BART stations benefit from 24% lower overall transportation costs, locating affordable housing near transit is critical to offering lower income households truly affordable living, as well as greater access to jobs and services. However, BART will need an additional $36.5 million annually beyond existing funding sources to meet its goals.
BART’S TOD PORTFOLIO OVERVIEW
BART has 13 completed projects, 4 under construction projects, and 7 approved projects in the pipeline. More on these individual projects can be found at the “Completed TOD Projects” and “Upcoming TOD Projects” pages. Below is a summary of development to date within BART’s TOD Portfolio.
Additionally BART owns an estimated 250 acres at 27 stations that could accommodate future development. The TOD Program regularly evaluates this portfolio of land to ensure market, political, financial and other conditions align prior to soliciting TOD. Most critically, the policy requires cities to adopt transit-supportive land use plans prior to solicitation.
SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT WITHIN BART’S TOD PORTFOLIO AS OF MAY 2020
List is subject to change, as development plans are extremely dynamic.
BART TOD Program Staff
Joseph Basuino, Principal Right-of-Way Officer
Sean Brooks, Director of Real Estate
Shannon Dodge, Principal Property Development Officer
Nicole Franklin, Principal Property Development Officer
Kimberly Koempel, Principal Planner
Yvette McCoy, Principal Property Development Officer
John Rennels, Project Manager
John Stevens, Principal Property Development Officer
Abigail Thorne-Lyman, TOD Group Manager
Paul Voix, Principal Property Development Officer